More Chess Records Tracks after the text
To be exact it was Aristocrat Records which was founded in 1947; a Polish immigrant named Leonard Chess was an early investor and by 1950 he, with his brother Phil, had bought out their partners and renamed the label Chess records. The first release on Chess was the 78 RPM single "My Foolish Heart" b/w "Bless You" by Gene Ammons, which was released as Chess 1425 in June 1950, and became the label's biggest hit of the year. Aristocrat already had Muddy Waters recording for it and by 1951 they had formed an association with Sam Phillips in Memphis whereby he passed on his black artists for release on Chess. One of the most important recordings that Phillips gave to Chess was "Rocket 88" by Jackie Brenston/Ike Turner and his Delta Cats which topped Billboard magazine's R & B Records chart and was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998 because of its influence as a rock and roll single. With a stable that include Bo Diddley, Willie Dixon, Chuck Berry, Howlin Wolf, Muddy Waters, Buddy Guy, Rufus Thomas and Etta James among many others they became the foundation of much of music today. Musician and critic Cub Koda described Chess Records as "America's greatest blues label".Many songs created by Chess artists were later reproduced by many famous Rock n' Roll bands and artists such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, The Beach Boys and Eric Clapton. In fact the Stones recorded at the Chess Studio on three occasions and immortalised the location with "2120 South Michigan Avenue", an instrumental recorded there during the group's first U.S. tour in 1964. The second release on the label, Chess 1426, in 1950 was Muddy Waters "Rolling Stone" after which a certain English band named thenselves. Another prolific artist was John Lee Hooker; initially recording as John Lee Booker as he was already under contract elsewhere.