Stables + Courtyard

Stables + Courtyard

Front Elevation

Front Elevation


Nostell Priory (referred to by the National Trust simply as Nostell) is a Palladian house located in Nostell, near Crofton close to Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, approached by the Doncaster road from Wakefield. It dates from 1733, and was built for the Winn family on the site of a medieval priory. The Priory and its contents were given to the National Trust in 1953 by the trustees of the estate and Rowland Winn, 3rd Baron St Oswald. The visitor may wonder at a priory having such a magnificent house.

*** – History – ***

The priory was a 12th-century Augustinian foundation, dedicated to St Oswald, supported initially by Robert de Lacy of Pontefract, and Thurstan of York. By about 1114, Aldulf, confessor to Henry I of England, was prior of a group of regular canons at Nostell. Sir John Field, the first Copernican Astronomer of note in England, is believed to have studied at Nostell in his youth under the tutelage of Prior Alured Comwn.

As part of the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the priory was closed in 1540. After the dissolution the lands of the priory came into the possession of Sir Thomas Gargrave, a High Sheriff of Yorkshire, Speaker of the House of Commons and president of the Council of the North. The property was owned by the Gargrave family after being purchased in 1567 by Sir Thomas Gargrave, Speaker of the House of Commons from James Blount, 6th Baron Mountjoy, for £3,560.

The estate was purchased in 1654 by the London alderman, Sir Rowland Winn, after the owner was declared bankrupt in 1650. Construction of the present house started in 1733, and the furniture, furnishings and decorations made for the house remain in situ. The Winns were textile merchants in London, George Wynne of Gwydir was appointed Draper to Elizabeth I, his grandson, Sir George Winn was created 1st Baronet of Nostell in 1660 and the family subsequently owed its wealth to the coal under the estate, and later from leasing land in Lincolnshire for mining iron ore during the Industrial Revolution.

The house was built by James Paine for Sir Rowland Winn 4th Bart on the site of a 12th-century priory dedicated to Saint Oswald. Robert Adam was commissioned to design additional wings, only one of which was completed, and complete the state rooms. Adam added a double staircase to the front of the house, and designed buildings on the estate, including the stable block.

*** – The House – ***

Nostell Priory is home to a large collection of Chippendale furniture, all made for the house. Thomas Chippendale was born in Otley in 1718 and had workshops in St Martins Lane, London. The Nostell Priory art collection includes The Procession to Calvary by Pieter Brueghel the Younger, William Hogarth's Scene from Shakespeare's The Tempest - the first depiction in a painting of any scene from Shakespeare's plays - and a self-portrait by Angelica Kauffman, as well as Rowland Lockey's copy of the painting by Hans Holbein (c1527 but now lost) of Sir Thomas More and Family; this copy was commissioned in 1592 by the More family and came to Nostell in the 18th century, and is said to be the most faithful to the destroyed original.

A longcase clock, with an almost completely wooden internal mechanism, made by John Harrison in 1717, is housed in the billiard room. Harrison, whose father Henry is thought to have been an estate carpenter, was born within half a mile of the estate. He was referred to as John "Longitude" Harrison, after devoting his life to solving the problem of finding longitude at sea by creating an accurate marine timekeeper. Known as H4, this chronometer can be seen at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London.

In August 1982 there was a music festival there, sponsored and organized by Theakston's Brewery which was a great success. Two years later in 1984 there was another festival organized by a different group of people. Although this event was a commercial festival, the "Convoy" was involved in organising a free festival next to it. Riot police were mobilised to suppress this aspect of the event.

In May 2007, a set of Gillows furniture returned to the house after refurbishment. These pieces now furnish the tapestry room, as do a pair of large Venetian vases, made of wood inlaid with ivory and semi-precious stones. The Adam stable block has undergone major renovation and is now open as a visitor centre for house and parkland.

In June 2009 a suite of bedrooms on the second floor was handed to the National Trust. These bedrooms, used by the Winns, had never been on public view before. They contain the original contents, including a regency fourposter bed and suite of Victorian bedroom furniture. Another room open to visitors is the butler's pantry, with a display of Winn family silver, in the adjacent strongroom cabinets.

*** – Grounds – ***

Nostell Priory occupies 121 hectares (300 acres) of parkland. Within the grounds and gardens are lakeside walks. The main facade of the house faces east towards a grass vista. Leading to the lake on the west side of the house is the west lawn. The parkland has lakeside and woodland walks, views of the druid's bridge and walks to the restored Obelisk Lodge, a parkland gatehouse, through wildflower meadows. The Obelisk Lodge was built in the 17th century and inhabited until the late 1950s. The park was purchased from Lord St Oswald by the National Trust with funding from the Heritage Lottery fund. This grant enabled the trust to acquire pictures, books, and furniture from the family.

The main lawn and the lower fields to the east of the Priory have been used for various large and small events over the years, however it was "Central Yorkshire Scout County" in 2000 that provided a fundamental change to how the grounds could be used. The organisation chose Nostell Priory as the site for its year 2000 "Millennium Camp", which was to attract around 2500 people from across the Yorkshire Scouting movement.

During the 12-month preparation project to create temporary facilities and infrastructure, Yorkshire Water employee Jon Potter persuaded his employers to donate/install a subterranean high-pressure water mains and stand-pipe points around the entire eastern grounds. This was unprecedented both in terms of a corporate donation and in its benefit to the Priory, which up to that point had been considering how they could self-fund exactly this improvement.

In 2012 the BBC reported that planning permission had been granted for a new operating base for the Yorkshire Air Ambulance. The new site, including a hangar and aircrew accommodation, was operational by summer 2013. It replaced the previous facility at Leeds/Bradford Airport.

*** – Gardens – ***

You'll find a rich variety of landscapes and wildlife in the gardens at Nostell. Here are some top tips of things to look out for as you explore each one.

  • Kitchen Garden.
  • The recently created Kitchen Garden is located behind the Orangery and consists of an orchard newly planted with historic Yorkshire apple trees, vegetable patches, a herbaceous border and bright flowers planted to attract pollenating insects. The vegetables grown are true to those available in the 1700s and 1800s, including onions, lettuce, tomatoes and 19 varieties of rhubarb. Mark, the Kitchen Gardener, nurtures and harvests the produce to be used by the food and beverage team in the dishes you’ll find in the Courtyard Café. As you enjoy the scents and colours of this varied garden, don’t miss the 100 metre stretch of white flowering iceberg roses.
  • Menagerie Garden.
  • If you follow the winding paths beyond the Middle Lake, you’ll find the secluded Menagerie Garden, created in 1743. The Menagerie House, designed by Robert Adam, was once home to exotic species, from monkeys and colourful birds to lions. In fact a recently discovered poster from 1812 boasts that Nostell’s ‘black-eyed lioness’ featured in a fair held in the local town, Pontefract. The story goes that once the clock struck 4pm each day, she became completely unmanageable! As you enter the garden through the gothic arch, look out for roosting bats at dusk and marvel at the great Holm Oak with it’s knarled trunk, which is home to a variety of birds, bugs and creepy crawlies.
  • Pleasure grounds.
  • Take in the varied landscape of the pleasure grounds, follow the circular path through the woodland of sweet chestnuts and oaks, making your way towards the Lower Lake. Bring your camera on a hazy summer's day, as the boat house and adjacent bridge are picture perfect. As you make your way back up to the Middle Lake, you'll see an impressive cascade flowing over the stone Druid's Bridge. The Pleasure Grounds come to life in spring with daffodils, snowdrops, bluebells and foxgloves flowering March to June.
  • Wildlife.
  • Keen nature spotters will not be disappointed as the woodland, lakes and surrounding areas are home to many species. Listen out for the woodpeckers, of which there are three varieties; green, lesser spotted and great. Also keep your eyes peeled for herons, swans and ducks as you walk along the lakeside paths, lucky visitors may even spot a resident kingfisher.

    *** – Parkland – ***

    There are 300 acres of parkland at Nostell just waiting to be explored. Find out about the history and geography of the landscape on one of the National Trust guided parkland walks. These tours are scheduled monthly and include a discounted afternoon treat from the café. You can find the next date on their what's on page.

  • Engine Wood and Joiner’s Wood.
  • Joiner’s Wood is planted with standard oak trees which were historically used for timber around the estate. The wood was originally the site of workshops used during the 18th and 19th-century modifications to the house. Today, many of our visitors enjoy den building in this area, where families can make their very own woodland hideaway. Head to Engine Wood in June to see bluebells and listen to the sounds of woodland birds such as blue tits and robins. Lucky nature spotters will also glimpse the occasional Roebuck deer.
  • Far Vista and Sheep Wash Field.
  • This area of the parkland is under development, having been reseeded in 2014, returning it to meadow land from arable land and is currently being managed for ground nesting birds. In the Far Vista, you’ll find four small wooded areas named Chestnut Wood, Peggy Wood, Fox Covert and Longley Wood, which you'll see start to grow up over the coming years. Sheep Wash field is the site of an original mill and you'll find a perfect spot for picnics at Hardwick Beck.
  • Lower Lake.
  • At the edge of the Lower Lake, you’ll see the Boathouse with Boathouse Bridge opposite, making stunning reflections in the water on a bright day. The lakeside is a popular nesting site for daubenton bats, kingfishers and swans - remember to keep your eyes peeled for cygnets. Explore the nearby oak plantation, which is managed for nesting birds such as finches, longtail tits, wrens and robins.
  • Obelisk Park.
  • Obelisk Park is being returned to how it was originally set out, using the blueprint of an 1849 map. The previously arable land has been returned to a wild flower meadow and trees planted in the spots originally planned out. In summer 2015 new paths were laid, one of which follows the route of the original carriageway from the 18th-century entrance, the distinctive stone structure of Obelisk Lodge. The new Hardwick Beck and Carriageway paths are now enjoyed by visitors for walking, running, cycling, scooting. Nature lovers can spot butterflies, bees and moths in the park as well as buzzards and hunting kestrels.



    Swan Family

    Swan Family


    *** – Facilities – ***


  • • Shop stocking wide range of gifts and souvenirs and plants.
  • • Courtyard cafe serving breakfast, soup, one pots, jacket potatoes, main meals, cold sandwiches, cakes, bakes, toasted teacakes and hot and cold drinks. Look out for seasonal produce from the Kitchen Garden.
  • • Ice cream cart available in summer.
  • • No barbecues, metal detecting or drones, please.
  • • Parking charges apply for .
  • • Suitable for school visits.
  • • Cycling - permitted in the park.
  • • To make a group booking please email
  • • Dogs on leads welcome in the parkland only and there is a dog walking area close to the car park. Assistance dogs are welcome in the gardens.
  • Family:-

  • • Hip-carrying infant seats for loan available in the house.
  • • Gardens and parkland- partly accessible, route shown on welcome leaflet map.
  • • Baby-changing facilities in mens and ladies toilets in the courtyard and next to disabled toilet in the house.
  • • Breastfeeding friendly site.
  • • Lockers and buggy park avaialable in the welcome area in the house.
  • • Hot water available upon request.
  • Access:-

  • • Separate blue badge parking, 50 metres from Stables courtyard, 160 metres from house.
  • • Electric buggy runs between main car park and visitor reception upon request on arrival.
  • • Adapted toilet on ground floor of house.
  • • Changing places toilet in courtyard.
  • • Gardens and parkland- partly accessible, route shown on welcome leaflet map.
  • • Two single-seater mobility scooters and 3 wheelchairs available, booking essential, please ring 01924 863892
  • • House ground floor accessible with level entrance. Stairs to other floors, lift available (due to the size of the historic lift some users may have to transfer into a manual wheelchair provided to see the first floor).
  • • Dogs on leads welcome in the parkland and there is a dog walking area close to the car park. Assistance dogs are welcome in the gardens.
  • • Click here to read the National Trust full access statement (PDF).


    Location : Doncaster Road, Nostell, near Wakefield, West Yorkshire WF4 1QE

    Transport: Fitzwilliam (National Rail) 1 mile. Bus Routes : 496, 495 (Arriva) and 223 (BHL Coaches) stop outside.

    Opening Times : House - Wednesday to Sunday - 13:00 to 17:00; 11:00 to 12:00 for guided tours.

    Opening Times : Gardens - Daily - 10:00 to 17:00. until 16:00 in the Winter

    Tickets : House + Gardens - Adults £11.90;  Children £5.90.

    Tickets : Off Peak (November - February) - Adults £7.20;  Children £3.60.

    Tel: 01924 863892