The Roman wall originally terminated at Pons Aelius (Newcastle upon Tyne). Work began at Pons Aelius in 122AD and proceeded towards the west. Subsequently, in about 127AD, the wall was extended further east, possibly to protect the river crossing at Pons Aelius. A four-mile section of the wall east from the fort of Pons Aelius, passing through present-day Byker and ending at the new fort of Segedunum was built. The new section of wall was narrower than the sections previously built, being 7 feet 6 inches (2.29 m) on a foundation of 8 feet (2.4 m). Unlike the rest of the wall, the extension had no vallum. The fort measured 453 feet (138 m) from north to south and 393 feet (120 m) from east to west, covering an area of 4.1 acres (17,000 m2). A wide ditch and an earth embankment surrounded the fort on all sides. It had four double gates with the east, west and north gates opening outside the wall and only the south gate opening within the wall. The wall joined to the west wall of the fort just south of the west gate. From the southeast angle of the fort, a 6 feet 6 inches (1.98 m) wide wall ran down to the riverbank and extended at least as far as the low water level. There is evidence that there was an extensive vicus, or village surrounding the fort, including the area to the north of the wall. The original garrison of Segedunum is unknown, but in the 2nd century the Second Cohort of Nervians was stationed there. In the 3rd and 4th centuries the part-mounted Fourth Cohort of the Lingones occupied the fort, as recorded in the Notitia Dignitatum. Both units were 600 strong. 120 cavalry and 480 infantry
Sometime round about 400AD the fort was abandoned. For centuries the area remained as open farmland, but in the 18th century, collieries were sunk near the fort and the area gradually became a populous pit village. Eventually, in 1884, the whole fort disappeared under terraced housing. In 1929 some excavations were carried out which recorded the outline of the fort. The local authority marked out this outline in white paving stones. In the 1970s the terraced houses covering the site were demolished. A section of Hadrian's Wall was excavated and a reconstruction built in the early 1990s. The Segedunum project began in January 1997 with a series of excavations in and around the Fort, as well as the construction of the bath house and the conversion of former Swan Hunter shipyard buildings to house the new museum. Segedunum Roman Fort, Baths & Museum opened to the public in June 2000. The name Segedunum is known from the Notitia Dignitatum of the 4th century, but there is no consensus on its meaning. The various conjectures include "derived from the Celtic for 'powerful' or 'victorious'", "derived from the [Celtic] words sego ('strength') and dunum ('fortified place')", "Romano-British Segedunum 'Strong-fort'", and "Celtic sechdun or 'dry hill'". The name Wallsend comes from Segedunum being at the easternmost end of Hadrian's Wall; the westernmost end is at Bowness-on-Solway.
The site of the fort now contains the excavated remains of the buildings' foundation of the original fort, as well as a reconstructed Roman military bathhouse based on excavated examples at Vindolanda and Chesters forts. A museum contains items of interest that were found when the site was excavated, and a large observation tower overlooks the site. A portion of the original wall is visible across the street from the museum, and a reconstruction of what the whole wall might have looked like. The central section of Hadrian's Wall was erected atop the Whin Sill, a geological formation that offers a natural topographic defence against invaders or immigrants from the north. However at the eastern end of the wall, the main topographic defence was the River Tyne itself, and the very final stretch of the wall ran down from Segedunum fort to the river's edge. There are lifts and stairs providing access to all the floosr. Both lifts have tactile buttons, but only the tower lift has a voice announcer. All floors have level access. There is level access along pathways across the external site and level access throughout the reconstructed bath house. The reconstruction of a section of Hadrian’s Wall is only accessible by a flight of steps. Reception holds a book of images taken from the top of this reconstruction for those visitors unable to access it. Standard, large print and Braille gallery plans are available from Reception. They welcome assistance dogs. Reception can provide a bowl of water. There is an induction loop in Gallery 2 on the third floor and induction loops in the Daniels and Corder function rooms on the fourth floor. There are various exhibits to touch throughout the museum: in the Roman Gallery on the ground floor there is a bust of the Roman emperor Hadrian, replica Roman fabrics and a model of a Headquarters building. The manager, museum services and learning staff can lead tours on request. The tours last between forty five minutes and an hour. You will need to book in advance. There are male and female toilets and accessible toilets at the rear of Reception on the ground floor, on the third floor in the activities corridor and by the cafe, on the fourth floor in the function area and in the bathhouse. There is an accessible shower room at the rear of Reception on the ground floor. There is baby changing at the rear of Reception on the ground floor.
Location : Buddle St, Wallsend, Tyne and Wear NE28 6HR
Transport: Wallsend (Metro) 3 minutes. Bus : Stagecoach 22 from Newcastle city centre.Bus routes 12, 18, and 40 stop close by.
Opening Times: Monday to Friday 10:00 to 14:30 Until March 23rd.
Opening Times: Spring. Daily 10:00 to 16:30.
Opening Times: Summer. Daily 10:00 to 17:00.
Tickets: Adults £4.95. Concessions £2.95. Children Free
Tickets: Adults £8.20. Concessions £6.10 with guided tour
Tel: 0191 278 4217