Frogmore House

Frogmore House

Frogmore House is a 17th-century English country house owned by the Crown Estate. The house is situated within the Frogmore Estate, which is itself located within the grounds of the Home Park, Windsor, Berkshire. Half a mile south of Windsor Castle, Frogmore was let to a number of tenants until the late 18th century, when it was used intermittently as a residence for several members of the royal family. The house is currently uninhabited, but it is used by the royal family to host both private and official events.

 

The Frogmore estate has been under royal ownership since the 16th century and was then leased to a series of Crown tenants. Construction on Frogmore house was not begun until 1680 for tenants Anne Aldworth and Thomas May. Work continued until 1684 and is thought to be the work of Hugh May, an architect employed by Charles II at Windsor Castle and uncle of tenant Thomas May. The house's first royal resident was George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, the illegitimate son of Charles II and Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland. The duke died in 1716, but his wife continued to live at Frogmore until her death in 1738. There were a number of successive tenants, including Edward Walpole, until 1792 when George III purchased the house for his wife, Queen Charlotte.

 

Queen Charlotte used the house as a country retreat for her and her unmarried daughters. They used Frogmore as a "refuge" away from court life where they could practice their pastimes of "painting, drawing, needlework, japanning, reading and ‘botanising’". The Queen's interest in botany is reflected in a number of the rooms at Frogmore., including a room decorated with painted flowers by the artist Mary Moser. Great attention was paid to the gardens, where the queen planted a number of Spanish chestnut, laburnum and birch trees and installed a number of follies. When Charlotte died 1818, she left the house to her daughter Princess Augusta Sophia, who lived there until her death 1840. The house was in good condition, but to make it fit for royal inhabitants, James Wyatt was employed to enlarge and modernise Frogmore House. Between 1795 and 1804, Wyatt enlarged the second floor, added flanking pavilions to the north and south of the house and extended to make room for a new dining room and library. After the Princess's death in 1840, Queen Victoria gave it to her mother, the Duchess of Kent. During this time the house was subject to a number of alterations. The Duchess's taste differed greatly to Queen Charlotte's and much of the decoration from her time was lost. The house was used regularly between 1841 and the death of the Duchess of Kent in 1861, with Queen Victoria often visiting and a number of private family functions were held there. Victoria wrote of the house: "All is peace and quiet and you only hear the hum of the bees, the singing of the birds and the occasional crowing and cackling from the Poultry Yard!"

 

Frogmore was used intermittently for the remainder of the 19th century. Alexandra, the Princess of Wales gave birth to her first child at the house in 1864, after which it was the home of Princess Helena, third daughter of Queen Victoria, and her husband Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein. Helena and her husband moved to Cumberland Lodge in 1872. From 1902 to 1910, the future King George V and Queen Mary were frequent residents. From 1925 until her death in 1953, Queen Mary collected and arranged in the house souvenirs of the Royal Family, describing it as "a 'family' souvenir museum as well as a museum of 'bygones' and of interesting odds and ends." During this time King George V allowed his first cousin Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia to live at Frogmore from 1925 when she was escaping the Russian February Revolution. Xenia was "very grateful" that her cousin let her stay at Frogmore. By March 1937, Xenia had moved from Frogmore House in Windsor Great Park to Wilderness House in the grounds of Hampton Court Palace. Since 1928, most members of the Royal Family, except for sovereigns and their consorts, have been interred at the Royal Burial Ground, on the Frogmore Estate. In 1997, following the decommissioning of the Royal Yacht Britannia, the Duke of Edinburgh furnished what had previously been Queen Charlotte's library and the Duchess of York's dining room with a selection of items from the vessel. This included a mahogany table constructed for Britannia c. 1950. Although currently no member of the royal family lives at Frogmore, the house is still used by the royal family for entertaining and it was used as a venue for the marriage of the Queen’s grandson, Peter Phillips, to Autumn Kelly in May 2008.

 

Japan Room 1819

Japan Room 1819

Queens Library 1817

Queens Library 1817

There are three steps at the main entrance to Frogmore House, which is accessible via a ramp with a hand-rail on both sides. Inside Frogmore House there are 30 steps to access the one room upstairs – the Cross Gallery. There is no wheelchair access to the Cross Gallery, but visitors can see pictures of the room in a display on the ground floor. There are two steps down into the Colonnade – with an alternative route for wheelchair users. The corridors and rooms in Frogmore House are narrow, with some spaces no more than 80 cm in width, so manoeuvring mobility aids can be difficult. Manual wheelchairs are available to borrow free of charge when visiting Frogmore House only. Wheelchairs are provided on a 'first come, first served basis' so no pre-booking is necessary. If visitors wish to hire a wheelchair for the full duration of their visit, including access to the gardens, wheelchair hire is available through Shopmobility. Bench seating is available at various locations within the gardens. There is additional seating at the refreshment tent, and visitors may bring small portable seats to use in the garden. Seating is available within Frogmore House on request. Assistance dogs are welcome and water is available on request. Accessible lavatories are available adjacent to the house.

 

Guided tours are available for groups on the Group Guided Tour dates only, and they can be tailored to meet the needs of a blind and partially-sighted group. To discuss your group's needs please contact the Specialist Sales team +44 (0)303 123 7324, specialistsales@royalcollection.org.uk. As Frogmore House is an historic building, the floors may be uneven, and visitors should take care. Most rooms are carpeted, but some have polished wooden floors. There are mobile lavatories at Frogmore House. Additional lavatories, including those for disabled visitors, are available at the entrance to the Home Park..

 

Location : Frogmore Drive, Windsor Home Park, Windsor SL4 2JG

Transport : Windsor Central (National Rail) then 15 minutes. Bus Routes : 01 and 71 stop near the Long Walk.

Opening Times : August - Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday + Saturday 10:00 to 17:00

Tickets : £8.00 per person. Private Guided Evening Tour £25.00 per person. Frogmore House and The Savill Garden £17.00 per person.

Tel. : 0303 123 7305